Urinary tract infection is group of diseases, which are more common in women than in men. Most UTIs aren’t serious, but some of them may make seriously problems.
What causes UTIs?
Most UTIs are caused by bacteria E. Coli (Escherichia coli ). The urinary tract has some systems to protect from infection. In men’s body, the prostate gland produces secretions which slow growth of bacteria. Immune system defenses men and women from infection too.
Who gets UTIs?
UTIs can get women and men in any ages. But women get UTIs more often then men, because they have shorter urethra and opening of a woman’s urethra is near the anus and vagina, places where E.Coli lives.
Others people under risk are:
- with nerve damage or spinal cord injuries
- who use a tube for their bladder
- with problems with the immune system or diabetes
- with urinary tract abnormalities
What are symptoms and signs of Urinary Tract Infection?
- intense or/and frequent urges to urinate
- when you urinate, you have a burning feeling
- pain in side below the ribs or in your back
- chills or fever
- dark, foul-smelling, cloudy, or bloody urine
How are UTIs diagnosed?
UTIs diagnosed by asking about symptoms and then testing of your urine. Urine will be checked for bacteria with a microscope. As bacteria may be found in the healthy people’s urine, a UTI’s diagnose depend on lab test and symptoms.
- Cystoscopy. It can be used to look for redness, swelling or other signs of infection.
- Voiding cystourethrogram. This test is an x-ray image of the urethra and bladder. This test will show abnormalities of your bladder and urethra. Voiding cystourethrogram will determine is the flow of urine normal or not.
- Bladder and Kidney ultrasound. Ultrasound images will show abnormalities in the bladder and kidneys. But, this test can’t show all important urinary problems and how well the kidneys work.
Urodynamics. Urodynamic testing is any testing which can show how well your sphincters, bladder, and urethra are releasing urine and storing. These tests will show does your bladder has abnormal contractions too.
How are UTIs treated?
Urinary Tract Infection are treated with antibiotics. The choose of antibiotic will based on the type of bacteria. Don’t forget to say to your doctor, if you have an allergy to any medicine. Some antibiotics may be removed from the treatment list, if are allergic.
The treatment continues about one week. The length of treatment based on a following factors:
- Gender: male can need longer treatment as bacteria may hide deep inside prostate
- did you take the right antibiotic at first or not
- how serious the infection is
- bacteria can be resists the antibiotic
- do you have a urinary tract abnormality
- is your infection repeated
The most important is to follow carefully your doctor’s advises and taking antibiotics regularly.
Urinating frequently and drinking lots of liquid will make you healthy back faster.
Important To Remember:
- To prevent repetition of UTIs, you have to changing some of your daily habits.
- UTIs are treated with antibiotics.
- If you have any symptoms, we talked about before, don’t be late to visit your doctor.